You may like to talanoa with your fanau as they create their fale, or wait until its fully created before moving onto explaining its parts, concept and use. Using this worksheet from the activity My Fale, may be useful.
The Fonofale model created by Fuimaono Karl Pulotu-Endemann is represented by a fale, and is made up of four main parts.
- Fa’avae (foundation): It’s so cool to see the foundation of health and wellbeing is family. You might talanoa with your fanau about how their family acts as a foundation.
- Falealuga (roof): Our cultural values and beliefs are sheltering us as part of the Fonofale model. This would be a really interesting talanoa with your fanau - what part of their culture and values act as a shelter?
- Pou (posts): These pou connect our culture and family, and are seen to be continuous and interactive with each other. They are:
- Spiritual - this dimension relates to the sense of wellbeing which stems from belief systems.
- Physical - this dimension relates to biological or physical wellbeing.
- Mental - this dimension relates to the wellbeing or the health of the mind which involves thinking and emotions as well as the behaviors expressed.
- Other - which includes our sexuality, gender, age and socio-economic status
- The Cocoon Surrounding the fale is a cocoon, representing our environment (where we live), time (the specific time in history) and context (the meaning for us), all of which affect and shape us. This might be a much broader talanoa - how does our ‘today’ shape our health and wellbeing?
Fanau may feel familiar with Spiritual, Physical and Mental health as part of Te Whare Tapa Whā, but you may want to talanoa with older fanau about why the fonofale model includes sexuality, gender, age and socio-economic status and how this might impact health and wellbeing.
The Fonofale model was created by Fuimaono Karl Pulotu-Endemann as a Pacific Island model of health for use in the New Zealand context. Our mahi in this space has been informed by Fonofale Model of Health by Fuimaono Karl Pulotu-Endemann As at September 2001 and The Open Polytechnic.
We'd like to acknowledge Tangata Atumotu Trust for its support with this activity.